Sensorial: Yellow Knobless Cylinders

The aim of Montessori Knobless Cylinders is to refine a child's visual discrimination, based on diameter and height. It is a sensorial material that consists of four boxes of ten coloured cylinders (red, yellow, blue, and green). Each coloured…

Language: Large Moveable Alphabet

The Large Moveable Alphabet facilitates language development, spelling, and writing skills as children practise word and sentence construction. The apparatus consists of a set of wooden or plastic letters representing the alphabet in uppercase,…

Mathematics: 100 Board

The Montessori 100 Board is divided into 100 squares, with 10 rows of 10 squares each. Children will use the board to practise counting and gain an understanding of number sequences. Once they have a good knowledge of numbers 1-100, the board…

Practical Life: Cloth folding

Folding is one of many practical life skills that children learn in Montessori classrooms. Symmetrical folding can be tricky for little ones, so we start with simple cloth folding. This helps with concentration, patience and muscle control. Watch…

Cultural: Lifecycle of a seed

Children always enjoy the ‘lifecycle of a seed’ lesson (especially poignant in the spring) because of the many exciting and tactile ways in which the learning can be applied and extended. There are the five stages of plant life cycle:…

Sensorial: Knobbed Cylinders

The presentation with knobbed cylinders is one of the first sensorial activities in a Montessori classroom. The apparatus was designed by Maria Montessori herself, and consist of wooden cylinders of varying diameter and height, all of which…

Mathematics: Small Hexagon Box

The Hexagon Box shows children how different shapes can be used to create other shapes; more specifically, that by joining together different triangles, four-sided figures are formed. The Small Hexagon Box is a lesson that follows on…

Mathematics: Geometric Solids

Geometric Solids not only form some of the groundwork for geometry but encourage exploration and creative thinking. The apparatus comes in a set of 10 wooden 3-D shapes, including: cube sphere cylinder rectangular prism square-based…

Sensorial: The Brown Stair

The Brown Stair (also called the Broad Stair) is a series of ten graduated, wooden prisms all the same length but different heights. As a grading activity that helps visual acuity, the Brown Stair is important in early mathematics and sensory…

Sensorial: Triangular Box

In Montessori classrooms, we introduce geometric shapes to young children using the Triangular Box. Whilst the activity does form the foundation for exploring more complex geometric concepts, it is part of the sensorial curriculum as it focuses…

Practical Life: Sorting Pom-Poms

Sorting activities are important in Montessori education because they help children create order in their world. Sorting refines the senses and trains the brain to organise information. Have a look at this simple tutorial by Wonderful…

Mathematics: Memory Game

In Montessori mathematics, the Memory Game is an activity designed to help children develop their memory skills while reinforcing number recognition. The game incorporates movement and encourages both gross and fine motor skills, and is something…